做雅思阅读的方法

英语培训学习 2020-04-15 11:46112未知admin

鍋氶泤鎬濋槄璇荤殑鏂规硶銆傚浜庡ぇ閮ㄥ垎鐨勪腑鍥借€冪敓鑰岃█锛岄泤鎬濋槄璇绘槸闆呮€濊€冭瘯鍚璇诲啓鍥涢」涓彁鍒嗘渶蹇殑銆傛墍浠ヨ瑕佹兂鎶婂彇寰楅泤


鍋氶泤鎬濋槄璇荤殑鏂规硶銆傚浜庡ぇ閮ㄥ垎鐨勪腑鍥借€冪敓鑰岃█锛岄泤鎬濋槄璇绘槸闆呮€濊€冭瘯鍚璇诲啓鍥涢」涓彁鍒嗘渶蹇殑銆傛墍浠ヨ瑕佹兂鎶婂彇寰楅泤鎬濋珮鍒嗭紝棣栧厛瑕佸己鍖栫殑灏辨槸闆呮€濋槄璇伙紝鎶婇槄璇荤殑鍒嗘暟鑰冮珮銆傛€庝箞鎵嶈兘鎶婇泤鎬濋槄璇荤殑鍒嗘暟鑰冮珮鍛?涓嬮潰鏄皬缂栨暣鐞嗙殑鍋氶泤鎬濋槄璇荤殑鏂规硶锛屽笇鏈涜兘甯埌浣?


    鍋氶泤鎬濋槄璇荤殑鏂规硶涓€

    涓€銆佸叧娉ㄩ泤鎬濋槄璇绘枃绔犲嚭澶勭殑鏉傚織瀹樼綉

    浠庡墤妗ュ畼鏂瑰嚭鐗堢殑闆呮€濈郴鍒椾功绫嶆湯椤电殑acknowledgements涓笉闅惧彂鐜帮紝闆呮€濋槄璇绘枃绔犲ぇ澶氭潵婧愪簬鍗佸嚑绉嶆姤鍒婃潅蹇楋紝褰撶劧鍏朵腑鏈変竴浜涙槸棰戠巼杈冮珮鐨勶紝濡傦細The Economist, Times, National Geographic, Guardian News绛夈€傛瘮濡傦紝绗旇€呮浘缁忓湪Times鎶ョ焊涓婄湅鍒拌繃涓€绡囨枃绔狅紝鏈夊叧涓嶅悓鍔ㄧ墿瀵瑰叾鍚屼即姝诲悗鐨勮涓鸿〃鐜帮紝鍏跺唴瀹瑰拰椋庢牸涓庨泤鎬濋槄璇诲畬鍏ㄤ竴鑷达紝濡傛灉缁忚繃鑺傞€夛紝灏嗘槸涓€绡囦笉鎶樹笉鎵g殑闆呮€濋槄璇荤敓鐗╃被鏂囩珷銆?

    鏇撮噸瑕佺殑鏄紝瀵逛簬姣忔闆呮€濊€冭瘯闃呰閮ㄥ垎鐨勫唴瀹癸紝鎴戜滑閮藉彲浠ュ湪杩欎簺鐩稿叧鐨勭綉绔欎腑鎵惧埌闆呮€濋槄璇绘枃绔犵殑闆忓舰銆傞泤鎬濋槄璇昏€冭瘯鐨勬枃绔犺櫧璇磋繘琛屼簡reproduce, 浣嗗叾澶т綋鍐呭杩樻槸娌℃湁鍙樺寲鐨勩€傜儰楦滑澶氬幓姝ょ被缃戠珯娴忚鐢熺墿銆佽嚜鐒躲€佺鎶€銆佹暀鑲层€佺ぞ浼氥€佹枃鍖栫被鐨勮瘽棰橈紝鍙互绱Н澶ч噺鐨勬枃绔犺儗鏅煡璇嗭紝杩欎笉浠呭闃呰鏂囩珷鐨勭悊瑙f湁鐩婏紝涔熸槸绱Н鍙h绱犳潗鐨勫ぇ濂芥満浼氥€?

    姣斿涔嬪墠鑰冨埌杩囩殑涓€绡囬泤鎬濋槄璇绘枃绔?The Effects of Media on Childrens Communication, 鎴戜滑灏卞彲浠ヤ粠鏉傚織缃戠珯涓彂鐜板叾鍘熸枃鐨勯洀褰細


    (鑺傞€?

    Because of their limited capacity for self-regulation and susceptibility to peer pressure, children and adolescents are at some risk as they navigate and experiment with social media. Recent research indicates that there are frequent online expressions of offline behaviors, such as bullying, clique-forming, and sexual experimentation, that have introduced problems such as cyberbullying, privacy issues, and sexting. Other problems that merit awareness include Internet addiction and concurrent sleep deprivation.

    Many parents today use technology incredibly well and feel comfortable and capable with the programs and online venues that their children and adolescents are using. Nevertheless, some parents may find it difficult to relate to their digitally savvy youngsters online for several reasons. Such parents may lack a basic understanding of these new forms of socialization, which are integral to their childrens lives. They frequently do not have the technical abilities or time needed to keep pace with their children in the ever-changing Internet landscape. In addition, these parents often lack a basic understanding that kids online lives are an extension of their offline lives. The end result is often a knowledge and technical skill gap between parents and youth, which creates a disconnect in how these parents and youth participate in the online world together.

    閭d箞浣滀负绂昏€冭瘯杩樻湁鐩稿綋鏃舵棩鐨勭儰楦湪娴忚杩欎簺缃戠珯鏃讹紝搴旇濡備綍杩涜閫夋嫨鎬ч槄璇诲憿?鎴愰兘鏈楅榿娴峰鑰冭瘯鐮旂┒涓績鐨勪笓瀹剁粰澶у鍑犳潯鍏蜂綋鐨勯槄璇诲缓璁細

    1. 姣忓ぉ閫夋嫨涓嶅悓璇濋鐨勬枃绔犺繘琛岄槄璇伙紝涓€鍛ㄦ寜浜斿ぉ鏉ョ畻锛屽彲浠ユ寜鐓х敓鐗┿€佺鎶€銆佹枃鍖栥€佽嚜鐒?鐜繚)銆佺ぞ浼氳繖浜斿ぇ绫昏瘽棰樻洿鏇裤€?

    2. 闃呰鏃讹紝濡傞亣鍒扮敓璇嶏紝瀹屽叏鍙互闅忔椂鏌ラ槄鍚勭绫诲瀷鐨勮瘝鍏革紝瀵逛簬鍑虹幇棰戠巼鏋佸叾楂樼殑鐢熻瘝锛屾瘡绡囧ぇ绾﹂€夋嫨5-10涓繘琛岃蹇嗐€?涓嶅繀杩囧锛屾垜浠殑闃呰鐩殑涓嶆槸鑳岃鍗曡瘝)

    3. 闃呰鐨勫垵濮嬮樁娈?鍓?涓湀)鏃犻渶闄愬畾鏃堕棿鏉ラ槄璇伙紝杩欎釜闃舵鐨勬矇娣€锛岀Н绱槸寰堥噸瑕佺殑锛屽埌浜?涓湀鍚庯紝鍙互缁欒嚜宸辫瀹氶槄璇讳竴绡囨枃绔犵殑鏃堕棿(浠庡鏉剧殑闃呰鏃堕棿寮€濮嬪埗瀹?锛岀劧鍚庨殢鐫€鏃堕棿鐨勬帹杩涳紝閫愭笎鎻愰珮鏍囧噯銆?

    浜屻€佸钩鏃跺澶氱Н绱繎涔夎瘝锛屽彲浠ョ敤鏈瓙鎽樺彇甯哥敤璇嶇殑杩戜箟璇?鍔ㄨ瘝銆佸悕璇嶄负涓?

    闆呮€濋槄璇昏€冧粈涔?鑰僷araphrase! 鍘熸枃鍜岄鐩€佸師鏂囧拰绛旀涔嬮棿鐨勬敼鍐欐槸鑰冭瘯鐨勬牳蹇冩墍鍦ㄣ€傞泤鎬濋槄璇荤殑璇嶆眹閲忎笉鏄粎浠呮寜涓潵璁$畻鐨勶紝鎸夌粍鎴栧鎵嶆洿涓哄噯纭€傛瘮濡傦細鐪嬪埌destroy, 搴旇仈鎯冲埌destruct, devastate, ruin, detrimental绛夈€傝€屽杩戜箟璇嶇殑姊崇悊锛岄渶瑕佸钩鏃跺鍔犵暀蹇冦€傛瘮濡傜儰楦滑鍦ㄧ湅鏂囩珷鏃讹紝鐪嬪埌璇嶇粍turn a blind eye to, 搴旀兂鍒板畠鏄拷瑙嗐€佹棤瑙嗙殑鎰忔€濓紝鍙瓑鍚屼簬ignore, neglect;鍐嶅entrepreneur灏辨槸someone setting up his own business, boss, businessman銆傚挨鍏惰娉ㄦ剰杩戜箟璇嶅苟闈炰竴瀹氭槸涓€瀵逛竴鐨勬ā寮忥紝鏈夋椂鍊欎竴涓緝闀跨殑璇嶇粍涔熷彲浠ヨВ閲婁竴涓崟璇嶏紝杩欎竴鐐瑰湪闆呮€濋槄璇昏€冭瘯涓槸闈炲父閲嶈鐨勪竴绉嶈繎涔夋浛鎹㈢殑绫诲瀷銆傚叾瀹炲钩鏃跺彧瑕侀暱鏈熷仛涓€涓姛璇惧氨鍙互鍔犲己杩欑鎶婂崟璇嶅拰鑻辨枃瑙i噴鑱旂郴鍦ㄤ竴璧风殑鎰忚瘑锛氶亣鍒扮敓璇?鍔ㄨ瘝銆佸悕璇嶄负涓?灏藉彲鑳芥煡闃呯墰娲ュ瓧鍏告垨鑻辫嫳瑙i噴锛屼範鎯簬浠庤嫳鏂囪В閲婂幓璁ょ煡鏂拌瘝銆?

    涓夈€佹敞閲嶆€荤粨鍥炲繂鎵€璇绘枃绔狅紝瀛︿細澶嶈堪锛岃褰曚笅閲嶈鐨刾oints

    闃呰涓嶅厜鏄溂閮ㄧ殑杩愬姩锛屼篃鏄ぇ鑴戠殑娲诲姩銆傚緢澶氬悓瀛﹀湪鍒氬紑濮嬫帴瑙﹂泤鎬濇枃绔犳椂锛屽緢闅句竴涓嬪瓙鎺ュ彈濡傛澶ч噺鐨勪俊鎭紝涓€杈硅涓€杈瑰繕銆傝鐨勫唴瀹瑰綋涓嬬‘瀹炶兘鐞嗚В锛屼絾鍏ㄩ儴璇诲畬鍚庯紝鑴戞捣涓竴鐗囩┖鐧姐€傝繖閲岋紝绗旇€呭缓璁ぇ瀹跺钩鏃跺湪闃呰鏃讹紝姣忚瀹屼竴娈碉紝灏濊瘯澶嶈堪(涓枃鍗冲彲)锛屽苟鐢ㄧ瑪璁颁笅鑳藉鍥炲繂鍑虹殑points(鏃犻渶鍙ュ瓙锛岃瘝灏卞彲浠ヤ簡)銆傚彲浠ヤ粠涓€娆″杩版枃绔犵殑涓€涓钀藉紑濮嬶紝鐒跺悗鍙戝睍涓轰袱娈点€佷笁娈点€佸洓娈点€佹洿澶氥€傚綋鐒惰繖涔熸槸鍦ㄥ煿鍏诲ぇ瀹舵憳鍙栦富瑕佷俊鎭殑鑳藉姏銆傛瘡娆″仛瀹岀瑪璁帮紝鍐嶅洖杩囧ご鏉ョ湅涓€閬嶈涓嬬殑鍐呭锛岃竟鐪嬭竟鍥炲繂鏂囩珷鍐呭锛屽悗鏈熷彲浠ュ啀鎻愰珮瑕佹眰锛岀湅鐪嬭嚜宸辫褰曠殑points鍝簺鏄病鏈夊繀瑕佺殑锛屾槸缁嗚妭淇℃伅锛屽摢浜涙槸閲嶈鐨勪富瑕佷俊鎭€?

    瀵逛簬鏈夊厖鍒嗙殑澶囪€冩椂闂寸殑鑰冪敓浠潵璇达紝濡傛灉鑳芥湁鏁堝湴銆佹湁閽堝鎬у湴鍘诲仛鍑嗗锛屽氨鏄Н璺锛岃嚦澶ф祦锛屾渶缁堝彇寰楃殑闆呮€濋槄璇诲垎鏁颁篃涓€瀹氭槸鍠滀汉鐨勩€傛墍浠ワ紝鍚勪綅鍑嗙儰楦滑锛屽崈涓囦笉瑕佸洜鏃堕棿闀胯€岃箟璺庯紝鏃堕棿鏄綘浠彇寰楄儨鍒╃殑鍒╁櫒銆?

    鍋氶泤鎬濋槄璇荤殑鏂规硶浜?

    闆呮€濋槄璇讳技涔庡ぉ鐢熷氨鏄敤鏉ュ垇闅句汉鐨勶細姣忕瘒杩?000瀛楃殑瀛︽湳鏂囩珷锛屼笉璁よ瘑鐨勫崟璇嶏紝闇€瑕佺粏缁嗘瘮瀵圭殑棰樼洰锛屽噯纭獖鎶勭瓟妗?#8230;…鑰岃繖涓€鍒囬兘瑕佸湪鍏崄鍒嗛挓鍐呭畬鎴愩€傚洜姝わ紝寰堝闆呮€濊€冪敓鎶辨€ㄩ泤鎬濋槄璇绘椂闂翠笉澶燂紝鎴栬€呭寙鍖嗗繖蹇欏仛瀹屼簡姝g‘鐜囧お浣庛€傚疄闄呬笂锛岄泤鎬濋槄璇昏櫧鐒舵枃绔犻暱锛岄鐩锛屼絾鏄湪瑙勫畾鏃堕棿鍐呭仛瀹屽苟涓旀湁涓€涓彲瑙傜殑姝g‘鐜囷紝鏄畬鍏ㄥ彲浠ヨ揪鍒扮殑鏍囧噯銆?

    闆呮€濋槄璇荤殑鏃堕棿涓嶅涓昏婧愪簬涓や釜鏂归潰锛氫竴鏄枃绔犲お闀匡紝浜屾槸棰樼洰娑夊強鐨勪俊鎭偣浣嶇疆鍒嗘暎銆傚浜庣涓€涓棶棰橈紝闇€瑕佸湪骞虫椂鐨勫鑰冭繃绋嬩腑鍔犲己璁粌銆傝繖閲岄潰涓昏鏈変袱涓棶棰橈紝涓€鏄槄璇婚€熷害鎱紝浜屾槸鐢熷崟璇嶉樆纰嶄簡闃呰鐨勮繘搴︺€傞槄璇婚€熷害鎱㈢殑闂鍙湁閫氳繃澶ч噺闃呰鏉ヨВ鍐炽€傚疄闄呬笂锛屽鏋滄瘡澶╃粰鑷繁涓€涓瀹氱殑鏃堕棿锛屽湪杩欎竴鏃堕棿鍐呰姹傝嚜宸卞繀椤诲畬鎴愪竴瀹氬瓧鏁扮殑闃呰锛岃繖鏍峰ぉ澶╃粌涔狅紝闃呰閫熷害鎱㈡參灏变細鎻愰珮銆傚緢澶氭椂鍊欙紝闃呰鐨勯€熷害涓嶅蹇拰澶ц剳鎺ュ彈鑻辫淇℃伅鐨勯€熷害鏈夊叧绯伙紝褰撳ぇ鑴戦渶瑕佸皢鑻辫缈昏瘧鎴愭眽璇墠鑳芥帴鍙楃殑鏃跺€欙紝閫熷害鑷劧灏辨參浜嗐€傚洜姝わ紝灏遍渶瑕佸钩鏃跺吇鎴愯嫳璇殑鎬濈淮涔犳儻锛屾瘮杈冨彲琛岀殑鍔炴硶鏄嚜宸卞湪蹇冮噷瀵圭潃鑷繁璇磋瘽锛岀鍒颁换浣曚竴浠舵湁鎰忔€濈殑浜嬫儏锛屽氨鍦ㄥ績閲岄粯榛樺湴鐢ㄨ嫳璇弿杩般€傞櫎姝や互澶栵紝涔熷彲浠ユ壘涓€浠戒笌闆呮€濋槄璇婚毦搴︾浉褰撶殑鑻辫鏉愭枡锛屾瘡澶╁ぇ澹板揩閫熺殑鏈楄锛屼互姝ゆ潵璁粌鑷繁蹇€熸帴鍙楄嫳璇俊鎭殑鑳藉姏銆傚簲瀵圭敓鍗曡瘝锛屽垯瑕佹湁涓ゆ墜鍑嗗锛氫竴鏄钩鏃堕槄璇荤殑鏃跺€欏绉疮鍗曡瘝銆佺湅瑙佷笉璁よ瘑鐨勫崟璇嶏紝褰撴椂灏辫褰曚笅鏉ュ苟涓斿弽澶嶅涔?浜屾槸鍦ㄨ€冭瘯涓鏋滈亣鍒颁簡鐢熻瘝锛屼笉瑕佹厡寮狅紝涓€鑸€岃█閮戒笉褰卞搷鐞嗚В锛屽皢瀹冨綋浣滀竴涓璇嗙殑鍗曡瘝灏卞ソ锛屾垨鑰呯洿鎺ヨ烦杩囧幓涔熸湭灏濅笉鍙€備絾鏄湁鏃朵細鏈夊叧閿瘝涓嶈璇嗙殑鎯呭喌锛屾墍浠ワ紝瑙e喅杩欎釜闂鏍规湰杩樻槸鍦ㄥ钩鏃ョ殑绉疮銆?

    鍏充簬棰樼洰娑夊強淇℃伅鍒嗘暎鐨勯棶棰橈紝涓昏閫氳繃鍋氶鎶€宸ф潵寮ヨˉ銆傞€氳繃娴忚鏂囩珷涔嬪悗锛屾垜浠湪蹇冮噷搴旇瀵规枃绔犱粈涔堥儴鍒嗚浠€涔堟湁浜嗕竴涓ぇ姒傜殑鍗拌薄銆傝繖绉嶅嵃璞℃槸鍋氶閫熷害鐨勬牴鏈繚璇併€傚湪杩欎釜鍩虹涓婏紝瑕佹帉鎻′竴浜涘熀鏈殑鎶€宸с€傞鍏堬紝闆呮€濈殑闃呰棰樼殑椤哄簭閫氬父鏄笌鏂囩珷鐩稿搴旂殑锛屽氨鏄锛屽墠闈㈢殑棰樼洰瀵瑰簲鏂囩珷鐨勫墠鍑犳锛屽悗闈㈢殑棰樼洰瀵瑰簲鏂囩珷鐨勫悗鍑犳锛屾湁涓€瀹氱殑瀵瑰簲鍏崇郴锛岃繖鏍凤紝鍦ㄥ鎵句俊鎭殑鏃跺€欏氨鏇磋兘鏈夌殑鏀剧煝锛屼笉鑷充簬婊$瘒涔辨壘銆傚叾娆★紝闆呮€濈殑闃呰棰樹腑锛屾瘮杈冨鏄撳嚭闂鐨勫彲鑳芥槸鍒ゆ柇棰樺拰娈佃惤淇℃伅鍖归厤棰樸€傚垽鏂瑕佸潥鎸佷竴涓熀鏈師鍒欙紝閭e氨鏄枃绔犱腑娌℃湁鎻愬埌鐨勫潥鍐虫槸NOTGIVEN銆備腑鍥戒汉鐨勬€濈淮涔犳儻锛岃涓烘湁鎵€鎻愬強锛屼絾鏄病鏈夎鍒帮紝搴旇鍒ゆ柇涓洪敊(FALSE鎴栬€匩O)锛屼絾鏄紝鍦ㄩ泤鎬濊€冭瘯褰撲腑锛屽氨绠楁枃绔犳墍璇村唴瀹逛笌棰樼洰鏈夊叧锛屼絾娌℃湁鍑虹幇鍏抽敭璇嶏紝涔熶笉鑳借涓哄銆備緥濡?010骞?鏈?1鏃ラ泤鎬滱绫昏€冭瘯绗笁绡囨枃绔狅紝鍒ゆ柇棰樹腑璇磋鏄熶笂闈㈠彲鑳芥湁姘达紝鍘熸枃璇寸殑鏄鏄熻姘㈡皵灞傛墍鐜粫銆傜湅璧锋潵浜岃€呯浉鍏筹紝浣嗘槸绛旀搴旇鏄疦OTGIVEN锛屽洜涓哄苟娌℃湁鎻愬埌璺熸按鏈夊叧鐨勪笢瑗匡紝鑰岄鐩墍闄堣堪鐨勬槸璺熸按鐩稿叧鐨勬儏鍐点€傝嚦浜庢钀戒俊鎭尮閰嶉锛屽氨涓€瀹氳鎵惧嚭鍏抽敭璇嶏紝骞跺拰鍘熸枃杩涜姣斿銆傚浜庣浉浼肩殑淇℃伅锛屽氨闇€瑕佸湪淇℃伅涔嬮棿棣栧厛鍔犱互姣旇緝锛屾壘鍑哄垎姝х殑鍦版柟锛屽啀鍒版枃绔犱腑鍘绘壘銆傝繖鏍凤紝灏辫兘寰堝鏄撳湴鎵惧嚭淇℃伅鎵€鍦ㄦ钀戒簡銆?

    鍋氶泤鎬濋槄璇荤殑鏂规硶涓?

    涓€銆佽儗鍗曡瘝锛氬叧娉ㄥ姩璇嶃€佸舰瀹硅瘝

    鏃犺鏄垵楂樹腑鐢熻繖鏍风殑浣庨緞鐑ら腑锛岃繕鏄凡缁忛€氳繃鍥涘叚绾ц€冭瘯锛屾湁涓€瀹氱Н绱殑澶у鐢熺儰楦紝鍦ㄩ泤鎬濆鑰冪殑杩囩▼涓紝璁拌8000涓泤鎬濊瘝姹囬兘鏄繀杩囩殑涓€鍏炽€傜劧鑰岋紝鐢变簬澶囪€冩椂闂存湁闄愩€佽€冪敓鑷韩鍋锋噿绛夊師鍥狅紝鑳藉瀹屾暣鑳屽畬绾㈠疂涔︾殑鍚屽鍙皳灏戜箣鍙堝皯銆傚浣曢珮鏁堣儗闆呮€濆崟璇嶏紝浠ヤ笅鍑犵偣寤鸿渚涘ぇ瀹跺弬鑰冦€?

    1.鑳屼粈涔?

    鍦ㄥ钩鏃剁殑闆呮€濇暀瀛︿腑锛屾垜閫氬父浼氬缓璁悓瀛︿滑鏍规嵁璇嶆€х瓫閫夊嚭闇€瑕佽璇电殑鍗曡瘝銆傚叾涓紝璇嶆€т负鍔ㄨ瘝銆佸舰瀹硅瘝鐨勮瘝鏄繀椤绘帉鎻$殑锛屽洜涓哄畠浠線寰€甯︽湁涓€瀹氱殑鎰熸儏鑹插僵锛屽鍙嶅/鏀寔銆侀紦鍔?鎶靛埗绛夌瓑锛岃€岃繖浜涳紝涔熸槸闆呮€濊€冭瘯multiple choice銆乴ist of headings銆乵atching绛夐鍨嬬粡甯歌€冨療鐨勫嚭棰樼偣銆?

    鏈夊悓瀛﹀彲鑳芥湁鐤戦棶锛屽叾瀹冭瘝鎬х殑鍗曡瘝锛屽鍚嶈瘝銆佸壇璇嶄笉闇€瑕佹垜浠璇靛悧?绛旀鏄笉闇€瑕佺殑銆傚悕璇嶅彲浠ュ垎涓轰袱绫伙紝涓€绫绘槸鎶借薄鍚嶈瘝锛岃繖浜涜瘝寰€寰€鍙互鐢辨垜浠啛鎮夌殑鍔ㄨ瘝鎴栧舰瀹硅瘝鍙樺舰鑰屾潵锛屽significance銆乮mportance绛夌瓑锛屾棤闇€鎴戜滑鍗曠嫭璁板繂;鑰屽彟涓€绫诲悕璇嶏紝鏄护鑰冪敓鍦ㄥ仛闃呰杩囩▼涓潪甯稿ご鐥涚殑涓撴湁鍚嶈瘝锛岃繖浜涜瘝鏄笉闇€瑕佽€冪敓鑺辨椂闂磋蹇嗙殑銆傚湪鍦ㄧ嚎鐨勯槄璇昏鍫傞噷锛屾垜浠細鏁欐巿瀛﹀憳澶勭悊杩欎簺涓撴湁鍚嶈瘝鐨勬柟娉曪紝灏嗗叾鍙樹负瀹氫綅璇嶏紝鎴栫敤鍏堕瀛楁瘝浣滀负绗﹀彿浠g爜锛屽湪涓嶅奖鍝嶉槄璇荤殑鍚屾椂绮惧噯瀹氫綅銆佺瓟棰樸€傝€岃嚦浜庡壇璇嶏紝瀹冧滑閫氬父鍙互鐢辨垜浠蹇嗚繃鐨勫舰瀹硅瘝鍙樺舰鑰屾潵锛屼篃涓嶉渶瑕佸啀鑺辨椂闂磋繘琛岃儗璇点€?

    2.鑳屽灏?

    鑳岃鐨勯噺锛屼篃鏄洶鎵板緢澶氳€冪敓鐨勪竴澶ч毦棰樸€傛湁鐨勫悓瀛﹀枩娆娇鐢ㄤ竴浜涘崟璇嶈蹇嗚蒋浠讹紝骞舵寜鐓ц蒋浠惰鍒掔殑閲忚繘琛屽涔犮€傝繖閲岋紝鎴戠粰澶у鐨勫缓璁槸锛屾瘡澶╄儗璇佃嚦灏?00涓殑璇嶆眹锛屽苟涓旀瘡5澶╁畨鎺掍竴娆″涔犮€傚彧鏈夎冻澶熷ぇ鐨勮儗璇甸噺鎵嶈兘澶熶繚璇佽蹇嗕笅鏉ョ殑璇嶆眹閲忥紝鍙湁瀹氭湡鐨勫洖椤撅紝鎵嶈兘纭繚璁板繂涓嬫潵鐨勮瘝姹囦笉浼氬繕璁般€?

    3.鎬庝箞鑳?

    璇氱劧锛屼娇鐢ㄦ墜鏈鸿蒋浠朵负鍚屽浠蹇嗚瘝姹囨彁渚涗簡渚垮埄锛屼絾鏄垜浠嶇劧涓嶅缓璁ぇ瀹跺皢鎵嬫満杞欢浣滀负涓昏鐨勫涔犲钩鍙般€傚鏋滃彲浠ワ紝寤鸿澶у浣跨敤鐨勭孩瀹濅功锛岃璇典笂闈㈢殑鍔ㄨ瘝銆佸舰瀹硅瘝锛屽苟閫氳繃鎶勫啓鐨勬柟寮忕粌涔犲崟璇嶆嫾鍐欙紝浠ュ厤鍚姏閮ㄥ垎鍥犱负鎷煎啓鍩烘湰鍔熶笉鐗㈠鑷村け鍒?姝ゅ锛屽啀瀹夎涓€涓彲浠ユ坊鍔犺瘝姹囧埌鍗曡瘝鏈殑鎵嬫満杞欢杩涜杈呭姪锛屽湪瀛︿範銆佺敓娲荤殑绌洪殭杩涜鍒疯瘝锛屽吇鎴愰殢鏃惰璇靛崟璇嶇殑濂戒範鎯紝骞跺涓嶇‘瀹氱殑璇婚煶杩涜鏍囪锛屽噺灏戝彛璇€冭瘯涓洜鍙戦煶涓嶅噯閫犳垚鐨勫け鍒嗐€?

    浜屻€佹€荤粨鏁寸悊锛氬綊绾冲悓涔夎瘝銆佸舰杩戣瘝

    闆呮€濋槄璇讳腑锛屽崟璇嶇殑瀛︿範涓嶄粎鏉ユ簮浜庢満姊扮殑璇嶆眹鑳岃锛岃繕涓庡钩鏃堕槄璇昏缁冧腑鐨勭Н绱湁鍏炽€傜粡甯告湁鍚屽鍚戞垜鍙嶉锛屽钩鏃跺仛瀹岄槄璇伙紝璁㈡瀹岀瓟妗堬紝鎰熻闃呰鏉愭枡灏辫繖鏍峰鐞嗗畬浜嗭紝瀛﹀緱涓嶅閫忓交銆傚湪鍦ㄧ嚎鐨勮鍫備笂锛屾垜浠姹傚鍛樿鐪熷寰呮瘡涓€绡囪嚜宸卞仛杩囩殑闃呰锛屼粠鍗曡瘝瀛︿範鏉ョ湅锛屼富瑕佷綋鐜板湪鎬荤粨鏁寸悊杩欎竴鏂归潰銆?

    1.褰掔撼鍚屼箟璇?

    闆呮€濋槄璇昏€冨療鐨勬湰璐ㄤ笂鍚屼箟鏇挎崲锛屽ぇ澶氭暟鐨勯鐩兘鍙互閫氳繃瀹氫綅+閫夋嫨/鐓ф妱鐨勬楠ゆ潵瑙e喅銆傝鎯冲揩閫熴€佺簿鍑嗗畾浣嶏紝鎺屾彙棰樺共涓庡師鏂囬棿鐨勫悓涔夎瘝(缁?闈炲父閲嶈銆傛垜浠竴鑸細寤鸿鑰冪敓鍦ㄥ仛瀹岄槄璇婚鐩箣鍚庯紝鑷褰掔撼鍑烘枃绔犱腑鍑虹幇鐨勫悓涔夋浛鎹㈣瘝锛屽苟涓庤鍫備笂鎴戜滑涓嬪彂鐨勫墤4-鍓?鍚屼箟鏇挎崲璇嶆潗鏂欒繘琛屾瘮瀵癸紝鎵惧嚭鑷繁涓嶇啛鎮夌殑鍚屼箟璇?缁?锛岃繘琛屾憳鎶勩€佽蹇嗐€傝繖涓€璁粌涓嶄粎鍙互甯姪瀛︾敓鏇村ソ銆佹洿蹇湴杩涜闃呰閮ㄥ垎鍦扮瓟棰橈紝杩樺彲浠ュ府鍔╁叾鍦ㄥ啓浣滈儴鍒嗚繘琛岃瘝姹囧崌绾т笌鏇挎崲锛屾彁楂樺啓浣滃垎鏁般€?

    2.褰掔撼褰㈣繎璇?

    褰㈣繎璇嶇殑鏁寸悊锛屽彲浠ュ府鍔╁鐢熷彂鐜板崟璇嶈儗璇佃繃绋嬩腑鎺屾彙涓嶇墷鐨勫湴鏂广€傚object/objective銆乪xceptional/exceptionable绛夌瓑銆傝繖浜涜瘝鐨勫綊绾炽€佽蹇嗭紝鍙互閬垮厤鑰冪敓鍦ㄩ槄璇昏繃绋嬩腑鐨勪笉蹇呰澶卞垎銆?

    鍋氶泤鎬濋槄璇荤殑鏂规硶鍥?

    棣栧厛锛岄泤鎬濋槄璇昏鍏堟姄閲嶇偣鎶撲富鏃ㄣ€傚浣曟姄?鎸夌収涓嬮潰鐨勪笁姝ヨ蛋灏監K浜嗭細

    绗竴姝ワ紝鍏堢湅涓绘爣棰橈紝 瑕佹槸鏈夊皬鏍囬灏辩湅灏忔爣棰樸€?

    绗簩姝ワ紝鐪嬫瘡涓钀界殑棣栧彞锛屼竴鑸鍙ュ氨鏄瘡涓€娈佃惤鐨勪富鏃ㄥ彞;濡傛灉鏈夊浘琛紝鍏堢湅鍥捐〃銆?

    绗笁姝ワ紝鎶婇鐩拰閫夐」鍏ㄩ儴鐪嬩竴閬嶃€?

    涓婇潰涓変釜姝ラ閮界粨鏉熷悗锛屼綘灏辨槑鐧借繖绡囨枃绔犵殑涓绘棬鍜屾枃绔犵粨鏋勶紝鍙互鏈夌殑鏀剧煝鍦拌繘琛屼笅涓€姝?#8212;-瀵绘壘鍏抽敭璇嶃€?

    鍏舵锛岀‘瀹氭枃绔犱腑鐨勫叧閿瘝銆傞渶瑕佹妸姣忛亾棰樼殑鍏抽敭璇嶉€夊嚭锛岃繑鍥炴枃绔犱腑瀵绘壘闂浼氬嚭鐜扮殑浣嶇疆锛屽垵姝ュ畾浣嶄竴涓叧閿瘝锛岃€屽悗閿佸畾绛旀鍙兘浼氬嚭鐜扮殑浣嶇疆銆傛敞鎰忋€傝繖涓湴鏂规湁闄烽槺锛屽緢澶氭枃绔犱細鎶婂叧閿瘝鐢ㄥ悓涔夎瘝鏇挎崲锛屾墍浠ュソ澶氬悓瀛﹁鎵句笉鍒扮瓟妗堝湪鍝噷锛屽叾瀹炴槸琚繎涔夎瘝鏇挎崲浜嗐€傛墍浠ヨ儗鍗曡瘝鍦ㄨ繖閲岀殑瑕佹眰灏辨洿楂樹竴灞備簡锛屼笉浠呰姹傝浣忓崟璇嶇殑鎰忔€濓紝鏇磋鐔熸倝瀹冨湪鍚勭璇涓嬬殑鐢ㄦ硶銆?

    鏈€鍚庯紝灏辨槸瑕佺簿璇绘枃绔犳壘绛旀浜嗐€傞泤鎬濋槄璇讳腑鐨勮繖涓簿璇绘槸瀵逛簬涓婇潰鐨勫ぇ鐪间竴鐪嬭€岃█鐨勩€傚洜涓鸿€冨満涓婇兘鏈夋椂闂撮檺鍒讹紝蹇呴』鎶婃彙闃呰鐨勯€熷害銆傚缓璁湪瀹氫綅濂界瓟妗堝尯鍩熺殑鎯呭喌涓嬶紝瀵瑰墠鍚庡彞鐢氳嚦鍏ㄦ杩涜闃呰锛屾壘鍒扮湡姝g殑绛旀鎵€鍦ㄣ€?

    闆呮€濈簿璇绘渶闅剧殑灏辨槸闀块毦鍙ヤ簡锛岃浜哄ご鐤硷紝璁╀汉娌抚锛岃浜哄婧冦€傚緢澶氬悓瀛﹀弽搴旓紝瑕佷箞璇诲埌鍚庡崐鍙ワ紝鍓嶉潰灏卞繕浜嗚浜嗕簺浠€涔?瑕佷箞鍗曡瘝閮借璇嗭紝鍑戝湪涓€璧峰氨涓嶇煡閬撳暐鎰忔€?鍐嶈涔堝氨鏄鏂囩珷閫熷害澶參锛屾牴鏈椂闂翠笉澶熺敤銆?

    鍚屽浠湅鍒伴泤鎬濋暱闅惧彞锛屼篃鍒鎬曪紝灏变竴涓姙娉曞垏鍓蹭富璋撳鎵句富骞层€傚厛鍒嗘瀽涓昏皳瀹撅紝鐪嬪埌灏辫嚜鍔ㄨ锛岃繖灏卞彲浠ヨ交鏉捐浣忔剰鎬濓紝璇讳笅闈㈠彞瀛愮殑鏃跺€欙紝閫昏緫灏卞舰鎴愪簡闈炲父鑸掓湇鐨勮鎺ャ€?

    缁间笂鏉ヨ锛岄泤鎬濋槄璇诲氨鏄鍏堢矖鐣ユ帉鎻℃枃绔犲ぇ鎰忥紝鍒ゆ柇绛旀鍙兘鍑虹幇鐨勫尯鍩燂紝鐒跺悗閫氳繃闅惧彞鍒嗘瀽绮捐鍚庣‘璁ゆ渶缁堢瓟妗堬紝灏辨槸杩欎箞绠€鍗曘€?

    渚?)But because Colonial Williamsburg offers not a segment of the history of a fine art, but a model of an ongoing community, it is intelligible and interesting to nearly everybody.

    [鍙ュ瓙涓诲共] Williamsburg offers not a segment… but a model…

    [缁撴瀯鍒嗘瀽] 涓昏璇硶缁撴瀯鏄痭ot—but—锛岄毦鐐瑰湪浜庡悗闈㈢殑闄愬畾鎴愬垎segment of the history of a fine art锛宮odel of an ongoing community銆?

    [鍙ュ瓙缈昏瘧]锛氱敱浜庢畺姘戞椂浠g殑濞佸粔鏂牎鍛堢幇鐨勪笉鏄瀬鍝佽壓鏈殑鏌愪竴鐗囨锛岃€屾槸鍛堢幇涓€涓鍦ㄨ繘琛岀殑鑹烘湳妯″瀷锛屽畠瀵规瘡涓汉鏉ヨ鍑犱箮閮芥槸鍙互鐞嗚В鍜屾湁瓒g殑銆?

    渚?)Therefore, like the timber barriers, the Fanwall barrier can be built without expensive concrete footings or piles, speeding the construction time up and reducing costs.

    [缁撴瀯鍒嗘瀽]锛歝an be built鏄鍔ㄨ鎬侊紝like the timber barriers鏄粙璇嶇煭璇仛鐘惰锛宻peeding the construction time up and reducing costs鏄垎璇嶇煭璇仛鐘惰銆?

    [鍙ュ瓙缈昏瘧]锛氬洜姝?鍍忔湪灞忛涓€鏍凤紝Fanwall灞忛殰鍙互琚缓閫狅紝涓嶉渶瑕佹槀璐电殑娣峰嚌鍦熺殑鍦板熀锛屽姞蹇簡寤洪€犳椂闂达紝闄嶄綆浜嗚垂鐢ㄣ€?

    渚?)The ancient Olympics were abolished by the Roman Emperor Theodosius in 393AD, after Greece had lost its independence.

    [缁撴瀯鍒嗘瀽]锛歸ere abolished鏄鍔ㄨ鎬佺殑杩囧幓寮忓舰寮忋€俛fter寮曞涓€鏃堕棿鐘惰浠庡彞銆傜綏椹殗甯濅笉璁よ瘑锛岄噰鐢ㄩ瀛楁瘝鎻愮偧娉昑銆?

    [鍙ュ瓙缈昏瘧]锛氬湪甯岃厞澶卞幓浜嗙嫭绔嬪悗锛屽彜浠eゥ杩愪細鍦ㄥ叕鍏?93骞磋缃楅┈鐨囧笣Theodosius搴熼櫎浜嗐€?

    渚?)Remember you may be taken to court for not doing so, and you may be fined if you cannot prove to the court that you have been excused from wearing it.

    [缁撴瀯鍒嗘瀽]锛氭湰鍙ヤ负涓€涓浣垮彞:remember鐨勫璇敱and杩炴帴鐨勪袱涓璇粠鍙ユ媴浠?绗簩涓璇粠鍙ヤ负涓€涓富浠庡鍚堝彞锛歩f寮曞涓€涓姸璇粠鍙ワ紝鑰宼hat寮曞鐨勪粠鍙ヤ负prove鐨勫璇€?

    [鍙ュ瓙缈昏瘧]锛氬亣濡備笉閭d箞鍋氾紝浣犲彲鑳借閫佷笂娉曞涵銆傚埌鏃跺鏋滀綘涓嶈兘鍚戞硶搴瘉鏄庝綘鏈夌悊鐢卞彲浠ヤ笉绯诲畨鍏ㄥ甫.浣犲皢浼氳缃氭銆傝繖涓€鐐逛綘蹇呴』鐗㈣鍦ㄥ績銆?

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